We are each born with a unique ratio of the Āyurvedic doshas – vata, pitta and kapha. This make-up informs your personality, characteristics, physical traits and tendencies towards disease.
This is called your prakrti or prakriti (not your dosha). You can think of it as your baseline state of health. It’s your goalpost, but it’s always fixed.
Doshas, on the other hand, perform the various functions of the body.
Your prakriti is a framework from which you can understand your tendencies towards ill health. It’s also a way of understanding how to build health by looking at your natural strengths and your inherent weaknesses. This is your body type or constitution.